Sincetransportation to the American colonies had been a penalty for various offences in Britain, with approximately one thousand convicts transported per year across the Atlantic.
Besieged by neighbouring Spanish colonists of New Granadaand afflicted by malariathe colony was abandoned two years later. For a while it appeared that another war would be inevitable, but the two countries reached an agreement on their respective spheres of influence in the region in and on all outstanding matters in with the signing of the Anglo-Russian Entente.
Initially the Canal was opposed by the British;  but once opened, its strategic value was quickly recognised and became the "jugular vein of the Empire". Until the abolition of its slave trade inBritain was responsible for the transportation of 3. She juxtaposes events happening at the same time in different parts of the world in a style reminiscent of the books of Genevieve Foster.
Later that year, Raleigh founded the Roanoke Colony on the coast of present-day North Carolinabut lack of supplies caused the colony to fail.
In response Britain invaded the US, but the pre-war boundaries were reaffirmed by the Treaty of Ghentensuring Canada's future would be separate from that of the United States.
In the British government was obliged to take over for the financially troubled East India Company, which had been in India sinceand by the end of the century Britain's control over India extended into neighboring Afghanistan and Burma.
The American Revolution began with rejection of Parliamentary authority and moves towards self-government. The following year the British government dissolved the Company and assumed direct control over India through the Government of India Actestablishing the British Rajwhere an appointed governor-general administered India and Queen Victoria was crowned the Empress of India.
Spain also ceded the rights to the lucrative asiento permission to sell slaves in Spanish America to Britain. Britain formally acquired the colony, and its large Afrikaner or Boer population inhaving occupied it in to prevent its falling into French hands during the Flanders Campaign.
During the Victorian Era, however, the acquisition of territory and of further trading concessions continued promoted by strategic considerations and aided or justified by philanthropic motivationsreaching its peak when Victoriaat Disraeli 's instigation, had herself crowned Empress of India in