Kerala from sangam to dutch period

settlements in kerala

He was impressed by the prowess and dignity of Porus and therefore returned his land, while the Greek army moved on. Shankara represented his works as elaborating on ideas found in the Upanishadsand he wrote copious commentaries on the Vedic canon Brahma Sutraprincipal upanishads and Bhagavad Gita in support of his thesis.

When De Lannoy and Donadi were paroled, they took up service with Travancore and modernized the Travancore Army which, till then, had been armed mainly with melee weapons into an effective fighting force. The Portuguese had a strong impact on the educational and cultural life of the people of Kerala.

A large number of objects of Roman origin have been unearthed from the site.

Kerala people

Trade and commerce also flourished during his rule and Quilon became a famous centre of business and enterprise After the death of Ravi Varma Kulasekhara, the history of the Venad Kingdom is not of special interest. Further south was Thondi of Sangham poetry or Tyndis of western geographers which must be Kadalundi or Beypore of today. Again in , Haider Ali laid siege on Kerala and conquered Trichur after restoring his authority in Malabar. They imprisoned 24 Europeans and several native Christians, who were imprisoned at the Udayagiri Fort in Puliyoorkurichi. Spice City to the ancient reporters, Muziris was also known as Murachipattanam. Parasurama the 6th Incarnation of Lord Vishnuthrew an axe far into the sea and commanded the sea to retreat. Vizhinjam in Thiruvananthapuram district was the headquarters of the Ay and Kanthaloor, the ancient seat of learning, was also flourished there.

According to the first century annals of Pliny, the Elder and the author of Periplus of the Erythrean Sea, Muziris could be reached in 14 days' time from the Red Sea ports in Egyptian coast purely depending on the monsoon winds.

The year was made up of twelve months and every two months constituted a season. Sangam Age A. Extending from Nagercoil in the south to Thiruvalla in the north a major part of the territory lay in the Western Ghat region Sahyadris.

This region forms a part of the heritage tourism circuit between North Paravur in Ernakulam and Kodungallur in Thrissur. InVasco-do-Gamma reached Kappad near Kozhikode.

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Battle of Colachel