Karen horney theory and feminism on personality development
Although she disagreed with her contemporaries about neurosis, she did agree with them with regard to childhood influences. Horney was highly critical of Freud's theories of psychosexual development and was particularly troubled by the concept of penis envy.
Why, Horney asks, if so much of our theory is based on the traumas and acts of self-redirection of little girls, do we not do studies of them? He rapidly became embittered, morose and argumentative.
Her interest in culture was fostered by her close relationship with Margaret Mead, Paul Tillich, Ruth Benedict, Erich Fromm, Harry Stack Sullivan, and other prominent names in sociology and anthropology. Was this page helpful?
Sayers, J. She was one of 58 women in a class of 2, Freud's increasing coolness toward her and her concern over the rise of Nazism in Germany motivated her to accept an invitation by Franz Alexander to become his assistant at the Chicago Institute of Psychoanalysis, and inshe and her daughters moved to the United States.
Her first analyst was Karl Abraham inthen she moved to Hanns Sachs.
Horneys theory of personality development pdf
Horney also reworked the Freudian Oedipal complex of the sexual elements, claiming that the clinging to one parent and jealousy of the other was simply the result of anxiety, caused by a disturbance in the parent-child relationship. Although she disagreed with her contemporaries about neurosis, she did agree with them with regard to childhood influences. She helped design and eventually directed the Society's training program, taught students, and conducted psychoanalytic research. She strongly advocated that differences between men and women are manifest from differences in culture and socialization rather than biology. Prior to , Freudian psychoanalysis had closed rank determinedly around a biological position: the lack of male genitalia locked girls into a series of unavoidable psychological states that fundamentally plotted their course as women. In these moments, her demeanor turned restless and retaliatory. She did not believe that narcissism was inherent to the human condition or human personality. Horney is also known for her theory on neurosis. Westport, CT: Greenwood Press. Psychology of Women Quarterly, 5 1 , O'Connell, A. Email How much of womanhood is a matter of biology, and how much one of culture? Freud's increasing coolness toward her and her concern over the rise of Nazism in Germany motivated her to accept an invitation by Franz Alexander to become his assistant at the Chicago Institute of Psychoanalysis, and in , she and her daughters moved to the United States. Horney lived in Chicago for two years before moving to Brooklyn, where she was a frequent lecturer at the New School for Social Research and a teacher at the New York Psychoanalytic Institute. Neurotic children or adults within this category often exhibit anger or basic hostility to those around them.
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